Whether a synthetic motor oil expires draws no straightforward answer. As a matter of fact, whether or does synthetic motor oil ever expire depends on many factors. There are a few considerations you need to make before concluding.
Changing the oil following the manufacturer’s instructions is one important approach. The shelf life or the type of oil used is also important in determining the longevity of the motor oil.
This post will shed light on the factors that determine synthetic motor oil expiration. You may also have questions concerning its longevity and whether synthetic motor oils go bad sooner or later. This blog will solve all your queries.
Factors to Consider to Determine the Synthetic Motor Oil Expiration
The cost-cutting method of using best mileage oils is purchasing only enough amounts. However, some prefer to store the oil by buying it in bulk. But it is important to know that the oil’s shelf life is only up to five years.
Within the given period, you can store the oil following the manufacturer’s instructions. Here are a few things to consider and be particular about while purchasing or stocking up motor oil.
- Product Expiry Date: Always look at the expiry date printed on the oil can before purchasing it. Use the oil as per its expiry date, and make sure to change the oil once it’s expired. Dispose of the expired oil as the synthetic oil additives wouldn’t show any functionality.
- Motor Oil Shelf Life: It is obvious that the oil contents do not sustain forever. Specific additives determine the longevity of the motor oil. Generally, the shelf life of motor oil is up to 5 years.
- Temperature: The temperature to use or store the motor oil is highly influential. A place with 40-85 degrees Fahrenheit stable temperatures would be perfect oil storage. Otherwise, the variability may hamper the oil’s engine lubricating abilities.
- Storing Unused Bottles: Stocking closed cans of oil will increase their longevity. Ensure you open only the required amount of oil bottles or cans and store the rest untouched for the next time.
- Storing Motor Oil: While stocking your motor oils, make sure to place them in an area that is not prone to humidity. Humidity might alter the base of the oil, leading to the formation of microbes or sludge. Additionally, dust clogs your engine sooner than normal.
Why Do We Need Motor Oil?
Before answering does synthetic motor oil ever expire, we need to answer why we need this oil. Motor oil is primarily for lubrication purposes. The combustion engine contains hard metals, sliding against each other at high speeds and temperatures.
The oil focuses on friction reduction with a barrier between the moving metals. Thus, the lubricant prevents damaging the vital engine parts this way.
Synthetic motor oil also performs the job of a coolant. It draws the heat away from the engine while also mitigating dirt and debris from high-risk zones.
How Does Motor Oil Expire?
Whether or does synthetic motor oil ever expire poses another question of how it expires if it does.
The oil package already comes with the manufacturer’s advice on how and what may lead to oil degradation. As already mentioned above, extreme temperatures or humidity can degrade the motor oil.
Thermal breakdown causes a decrease in the oil’s viscosity. It also reduces the flow rate while increasing the consumption density. It builds up the deposits and damages the engine surfaces.
Sludge blocks the engine oil gateways, behaving like a barrier. The oil becomes too thick to flow through the passage.
Oxidation could be another reason for degraded motor oil. So, it is highly recommended not to open oil bottles unless needed. A closed oil can is less likely to damage. An open bottle of oil invites a reaction between the oil and oxygen molecules in the air. That leads to an increase in viscosity, creating sludge and sediment.
Oxidization can also lead to acidity, which causes metal rust or corrosion. In that case, you’ll require a rust converter. Thus, opened oil cans are more susceptible to contamination. It reduces the effectiveness of the oil to work as a lubricating agent.
Does the Type of Oil Make a Difference to Its Expiry?
The type of oil used highly influences its longevity. Particularly, you want to be plotting synthetic motor oils with additive ingredients. Synthetic oil, as well as conventional oil, is extracted from the ground.
However, only synthetic oil passes through further refinement, distillation, and purification processes. It then gets broken into molecules to be rebuilt and get customized for specific purposes.
Synthetic oils are much better than conventional motor oils. The additive compounds are the reason. They add to the viscosity of the motor oil. The additives have detergents and dispersants that delay the formation of sludge. They also suspend the contaminants in the oil while counteracting the oxidizing agents.
What is the Shelf Life of Motor Oil?
It is crucial to know the shelf life of motor oils. The shelf life of motor oils is up to five years. But, besides the manufacturer’s advice and the printed expiry date, other elements also affect the motor oil longevity.
1. Composition of Motor Oil
The composition of the motor oil is the influential primary factor of its shelf life. Synthetic motor oil gets extracted out from petroleum and non-petroleum chemical compounds.
Synthetic motor oil contains hydrocarbon molecules. The molecules spread throughout the oil to form the base or alkali. The base remains stable, regardless of high or low temperatures.
However, paraffin wax is absent in synthetic motor oil. It is a crude oil content that contributes to motor oil longevity.
2. Effects of Additives
The additives in the synthetic motor oil include several compounds that work best to protect the engine and add to its life. They help ensure the viscosity and consistency of the synthetic motor oil. Simply put, these additives ensure the free flow of the oil at all temperatures.
While choosing synthetic motor oil, avoid additives that contain copper or iron. These elements restrain the longevity of the oil, acting as catalysts stimulating oxidation.
Instead, look for depressants, PPDs, or detergents that prevent the oil from freezing in lower temperatures. They also delay sludge formation.
Most synthetic motor oils contain alkaline additives that neutralize the contaminating acidic compounds. Additionally, the oxidation inhibitors maintain the motor oil’s stability. At the same time, the rust and corrosion inhibitors bar condensation.
Another additive to look for is calcium that promotes oxygen flow in the engine. Calcium additives also delay the sludge and varnish formation in synthetic motor oil.
How Does Oil Expire In The Engine of Your Car?
Synthetic motor oil stored in the container or used in the car engine, either way, is prone to the same factors that may affect it. Does synthetic motor oil ever expire, becomes a concerning question.
The engine is prone to heating due to its mechanical operations. That leads to oil thickening eventually, making it more prone to contamination from soot or microscopic slivers of metal.
Other probabilities like faulty in the cooling system or water pump leads to water seepage in the oil, which affects the oil’s strength.
Environmental elements like cold weather may encourage sludge formation in the oil, making it thicker. Also, synthetic oils contain oxidation inhibiting additives that help promote their longevity.
Mostly, you may come across mechanics that recommend an oil change every few thousand miles. However, some synthetic motor oils claim to last for about 5,000-10,000 miles. To ensure the same, consult your mechanic about when you should change your motor oil and the most suitable oil for your vehicle.
Do Synthetic Oils Have a Longer Shelf Life?
To some extent, yes, synthetic oils do have a longer shelf life compared to other motor oils. Hence, you can change synthetic motor oils relatively less frequently than conventional oils. Various components contribute to this possibility:
- Synthetic oil is artificial and goes through further processing and purification methods.
- Synthetic motor oil additives increase its viscosity. They prevent corrosion and breakdown in all weather conditions.
- Synthetic oils are less prone to sludge formation and also less build-up of ash.
But, note that synthetic oils can expire when exposed to elements like humidity or left untouched for an extended period of time. Nevertheless, synthetic oils work best for the engine of the vehicle.
Moreover, most of the additives make it easier to store the oils because of their temperature-fighting elements.
Does Synthetic Motor Oil Degrade Over Time?
While you’ve been reading that synthetic oils do expire, you may wonder if it degrades over time or is there a fixed life span. Well, to clear your queries, you must know that synthetic oils may break down for various reasons. And the list also includes the use of the oil and the additives included in it.
As you use your vehicle more, the oil gets exposed to hydrocarbons that contaminate the oil. Most manufacturers instruct you to change the lubricant once every year, that being the minimum count. However, various factors influence the duration of synthetic motor oil.
For instance, short distances or local driving conditions don’t heat the engine or the oil much. As you switch your car on, the water doesn’t get time to evaporate as the engine does not heat up, and you already switch it off. The water vapor dilutes the synthetic oil with time.
Eventually, the dilute oil mixture forms acids and sludge, damaging the engine to affect its overall performance.
In addition to all this, the additives also impact oil degradation. These additives begin to degrade with continued usage, which affects the quality of the oil and its ability to operate. That is the reason oil change is essential within a particular time frame.
Whether or not the motor oil has degraded, changing it in the scheduled time is vital to complement the lifespan of your vehicle’s engine.
How Long Does Engine Oil Last After It’s Opened?
Are you sometimes in a dilemma about using your leftover engine oil or opening a new bottle? Then here’s your answer. Always go for the leftovers before hitting the new ones. However, it is also important to safely store the leftover motor oils to be still used within their expiry date.
Often, you find yourself with a stock of leftovers, enough to use them instead of opening a new oil can. But as economical as it may sound, consider few components before using the leftover engine oil.
To start with, you should ensure that the oil has not crossed its expiry date printed on its label. It is a vital step to prevent contamination while mixing the leftovers to use for your engine.
Checking if the leftover is still in good condition before usage is vital. The oils may differ in their shelf life as per storage conditions. Humid storage areas are very likely to contaminate the oils with their moisture. Even dusty environments aren’t suitable for storing your leftover engine oils.
However, note that no oil is safe for use if it has been stored for several years. In such conditions, the additives begin to set out of the motor oil. Also, check out our guide about how is synthetic motor oil made and can you mix synthetic oil and conventional oil?
Frequently Asked Questions
1. How long can motor oil be stored?
Storing the lubricants in their original containers, unused and unopened, is crucial. That helps them to sustain extended periods. You can also read the manufacturer’s advice on the label. It suggests not using the motor oil for more than a few years, from 2-5 years.
2. Does oil go bad over time?
The answer to this question depends on a few factors, such as the temperature. Too hot conditions affect the oil’s viscosity. They decrease the flow of the motor oil while increasing its consumption. That, in turn, accumulates the deposits and damages the surface of the engine.
Too cold conditions lead to sludge formation in the oil. It makes it thicker to flow through the oil-flowing passage of the engine. Thus, it would be best to take care of the conditions while storing or using your engine oil. That ensures you receive the best possible longevity benefits of the oil.
3. How long is oil good for?
Depending on the several influential factors, the shelf life differs. The oil’s expiry date and the type of oil used determine its lifespan. Also, the manufacturer’s instructions and for the duration you used the oil is crucial.
4. Can you use expired motor oil?
The answer is straightforward. No, you cannot. More importantly, you should not use expired motor oil. Engine oils usually last for 2-5 years. It is recommended not to use the oil beyond its expiration. It may damage your engine performance.
5. Does synthetic oil go bad?
Yes, synthetic oils go bad. The type of motor oil plays a major role in determining its longevity. As such, synthetic oils with additive compounds are an even bigger concern. Regardless, synthetic and conventional oils originated from the ground.
However, synthetic oils go through further processes of refinement, distillation, and purification. These processes break the compounds of the oil into molecular levels. It helps to mold them for specific purposes.
6. How many months does synthetic oil last?
Generally, the lifespan of synthetic oil varies from 24 months (2 years) to 60 months (5 years).
7. How long can you keep unused motor oil?
You can store unused motor oil for as long as you wish. However, the usual expiry date is over within five years of manufacture. After this period, it is recommended not to use the oils as they may damage the flow of the engine mobility.
8. Does motor oil have an expiration date?
Officially, there is no particular expiry date on engine oils. However, they are most likely to work smoothly for five years. After that, they lose their viscosity and ability to work for the engine.
9. Is synthetic oil better than conventional oil?
The answer best lies in their differences. Conventional oil derives its base from crude oil and does not contain any additives. On the contrary, synthetic oil is artificial. It contains additives to complement the particular of your engine.
Conventional oils cannot withstand heat as the engine warms up. But synthetic oils have the backup of their additives. Synthetic oils are well-protected as compared to conventional oils. They have cleaning and protective properties, which also help them withstand high-temperature conditions.
10. Do motor oils expire?
Motor oils come with extended periods of usage that differ according to their brands. For instance, Total offers a 2-year extended period for its motor oils. In comparison, Mobil offers a 5-year extended period. It depends upon you and the vehicle you use about which oil best suits your needs.
However, if crossed beyond the extended period, the motor oil is of no use. They may also degrade depending on factors like how you store them. It is, thus, recommended to get only the required amount of motor oil. It would be best if you tried to avoid stocking in bulk.
No doubt, initially, bulk buying seems cost-effective. However, it may also lead to great losses if not stored properly. Even so, following the appropriate measures to store the oils may help them last longer.
When you store them, make sure to choose a dry place with no contact to direct sunlight or humidity.
11. How do you know that your oil has gone bad?
Several indicators mark the degradation of motor oil. The foremost clue is the expiry date on the oil container. Regardless of it being used or unused, the oil is not fit for use past its expiry date. It loses its viscosity and ability to perform post-expiration.
Next, if the engine oil color changes from clear to milk, it is most likely that your motor oil has degraded. It is then unfit for further use. Also, make sure to check for the formation of deposits at the bottom of the oil container. If you find any, abstain from using the oil.
It is also essential to check for the separation or breakdown of additives in the oil. That also accounts for bad oil. The oil then becomes thick and sticky, and unfit for use.
12. Is the shelf life of synthetic oil affected because of additives?
Yes, additive compounds affect the shelf life of the motor oil. The additives in these oils have different disintegration periods. The motor oil degenerates its molecules along with the additive compounds.
Moreover, additives like copper act as catalysts that inhibit the oxidation processes. So, while choosing your motor oil, gather precise information before making a purchase.
Now that you have arrived at the end of this post, you know the benefits of synthetic motor oils. These oils primarily work for smooth engine performance. That, in turn, lets you experience a smooth drive. So, by purchasing synthetic motor oil for your vehicle, you are choosing to enjoy its benefits.
Synthetic motor oils are better than conventional ones on many grounds. Motor oils are greatly influenced by many factors, one of which is also the type of oil used.
The temperature, humidity, storage condition, expiry date are some of the many factors. They influence the longevity of synthetic motor oils. Keeping all conditions suitable, you can use the oil for extended periods. And that’s quite the expectation of everyone, isn’t it?
Synthetic motor oil is artificial oil. It contains additives that add to its protection and health. They work for the viscosity of the oils that increase their performing abilities.
Does synthetic motor oil ever expire? You know exactly the answer to this question. Follow all the necessities to purchase the suitable engine oil for your vehicle.